使用IR传感器制作无线机器人车辆s

机器人是机械或虚拟人工剂,通常是由计算机程序使用的机电机器使用electronic circuitry。Robots can be autonomous or semi-autonomous and range from humanoids such as Honda’s is the advanced Step in Innovative Mobility and TOSY’s. TOSY Ping Pong Playing Robot to industrial robots, patent assist robots, medical operating robots, dog therapy robots, collectively programmed swarm robots, and even microscopic nanorobots. By representing a life like an appearance or automating movements, a robot may transfer a sense of intelligence or through on its own. This article discusses IR sensor-based wireless robotic vehicles.

什么是无线机器人车辆?

机器人是一种技术that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots, as well as computer systems, is used to control, sensory feedback, and information processing are called robots. This technology deals with automated machines that can be placed by humans in dangerous environments, or resemble humans in appearance, behavior. Nowadays robots are inspired by nature contributing to the field of bio-inspired robotics. These robots also created a new branch of robotics and soft robotics. The mechanical techniques developed through the Industrial age, there are more practical applications such as automated machines, remote-control, and wireless remote control.


Wireless Robotic Vehicle
Wireless Robotic Vehicle

一个红外传感器是什么?

一个IR传感器是一种发出的装置,以便感知周围的某些方面,这些方面检测到IR辐射落在它上。发射器只是IR LED(发光二极管) and the detector is simply an IR photodiode that is sensitive to IR light of the same wavelength is emitted by the IR LED. When IR light falls on the photodiode, the resistances and output voltages, change in proportion to the magnitude of the IR light received. There are many types of IR sensors that are built and can be built depending upon the application. Contrast sensors (Used in线路之后的机器人), Proximity sensors (Used in Touch Screen phones), and obstruction sensors (Used for counting goods and in Burglar Alarms) are some examples.

IR Sensor
IR Sensor

射频远程控制无线机器人

RF控制的无线机器人车辆主要包括RF发射器和RF接收器。

RF Transmitter

RF模块通常是非常小的尺寸,在3V到12V的电压范围内操作。RF发射器模块旨在使用433MHz频率。如果发送逻辑零,则发射器绘制无功。对于传输,逻辑是一个,它用3V消耗大约4.5 mA的功率。发射器和接收器与之连接8051微控制器并获得所需的操作。RF发射器提供3V至6V范围内的电压,输出功率为4V至12V。

RF Transmitter
RF Transmitter

这RF transmitter circuit diagram is shown below is used to connect different push buttons to move the robotic vehicle in different directions like forward, backward, right and left. Thus, by pressing the appropriate push button, we can control the robotic vehicle’s movement.


RF Receiver

RF receiver is also being small in size and RF receiver has supply current of 3.5mA with an operating voltage of 5V. RF transmitter modules are designed to work with 433MHz only (that should match with the transmitter frequency for communication purposes to receive signals from the transmitter).

RF Receiver
RF Receiver

RF Communication by using the Robotic Vehicle

Radiofrequency (RF) consists of a transmitter and a receiver, which is connected to an isolated circuit that is to be controlled. A control signal is transferred from the transmitter end in the form of radio waves or electromagnetic waves, such that to control the device remotely, which is connected to the receiver end. This control signal is transmitted by using electromagnetic waves or radio waves of radiofrequency. Thus, the control signal received at the receiver end and get the accurate output such as a robotic vehicle, special purpose robot, communication purpose device, and so on.

射频控制机器人车辆

该项目的主要目标是设计由电视遥控器控制的机器人车辆。在这里,所提出的系统使用RF technology用于远程操作。IR传感器接合到机器人的控制单元,用于检测由遥控器发送的红外信号。8051系列的微控制器用于首选操作。

At the transmitting (TX) section, pushbuttons are used to send the commands to the receiver end to control the robot’s movement, either to move in four directions like forward, right, backward and left, etc. At the receiving section, two motors interfaced with the 8051 family microcontroller where they are used for the vehicle’s movement.

IR Sensor based Wireless Robotic Vehicle Project Kit
IR传感器的无线机器人车辆项目套件

电视远程生成基于RC5的数据,该数据由与微控制器接口接收的红外接收器接收。微控制器中的内置程序是指基于I / P数据产生优选输出的代码,通过电动机驱动器IC运行电机。

RF发射器执行作为RF遥控器,其优点是具有合适的天线的充足范围(最多200米),而接收器在将其提供给另一个微控制器之前解码驱动直流电机通过电机驱动器IC进行必要的工作。

Further, this project can be enhanced usingDTMF技术。我们可以使用射频技术control the robot by using a cell phone. This technology has an advantage over long communication range as compared to RF technology.

因此,这是关于IR传感器的无线机器人车辆。我们希望您对这一概念更好地了解。此外,有关这一概念或的任何疑问电气和电子产品项目必威网址下载,请在下面的评论部分提供您的反馈意见。这是一个问题,IR传感器的主要功能是什么?

5点评论

  1. Shubham Somkuwar says:

    嘿,娇龙,你正在做一个伟大的工作人!继续前进

  2. yamuna. says:

    i need a circuit of Wireless Robotic Vehicle Using IR Sensors….

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